Several specific types of bacteria that live on the teeth cause decay. When you eat sugar, the bacteria use this sugar to manufacture acids that dissolve the teeth and cause an infection in the tooth. That infection is called decay.
It may be hard to understand why babies might be susceptible to tooth decay with such limited diets, but consider this: babies often go to bed with a bottle of milk, formula or juice. These are the babies most likely to develop tooth decay. The sugar in these liquids stays in contact with the teeth for the entire night as they sleep, so bacteria have plenty of time to go to work, resulting in decay forming rather quickly.
Here are the two biggest cavity-causing culprits: a diet high in carbs and sugary foods and a lack of brushing.
Limiting sugar intake and brushing regularly, of course, can help. The longer it takes your child to chew their food, the longer the residue stays on their teeth and the greater the chances of getting cavities. Every time someone eats, an acid reaction occurs inside their mouth as the bacteria digests the sugars. This reaction lasts approximately 20 minutes. During this time the acid environment can destroy the tooth structure, eventually leading to cavities.
Consistency of a person's saliva also makes a difference as thinner saliva breaks up and washes away food more quickly. When a person eats diets high in carbohydrates and sugars, they tend to have thicker saliva, which in turn produces more of the acid-producing bacteria that causes cavities.
You HAVE to visit us every six months because your teeth depend upon it! You might be the world’s greatest brusher, but you still can’t remove the plaque a professional cleaning removes. PLUS the x-rays are so very important in catching any cavities or other problems early before they become major issues. Mom and Dad: these regular appointments are extremely vital in building a trusting relationship between your child and Dr. Weisberg and Dr. Simchi. That’s important today, and it will be just as important when future procedures are required. If they trust us, everything becomes so much easier and much more comfortable for your child. Together, you and Smile Builders can build great smiles and trusting relationships!